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  • Naba Dhungana

Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA)

Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) is a process in Canada that allows individuals who have been ordered removed from Canada to apply for protection on humanitarian and compassionate grounds. The PRRA process allows individuals to apply for protection in Canada if they believe they will face a risk of persecution, torture, or death if they are removed from Canada.

PRRA (Pre-Removal Risk Assessment) is a type of application that can be made by certain individuals in Canada who are facing removal from the country. It is typically used as a last resort for those who have exhausted all other options for remaining in Canada, such as through a refugee claim or a humanitarian and compassionate application. PRRA can be applied for in specific situations, such as if the individual faces a risk of persecution, torture, or death in their country of origin, or if their removal would result in excessive hardship. It is important to note that PRRA is not a guarantee of being allowed to stay in Canada, and it is only available to certain individuals.

Who is not eligible for PRRA in Canada?

There are several groups of people who are not eligible to apply for a PRRA in Canada, including:

  1. Individuals who have already been granted refugee status in Canada.

  2. Individuals who have already had a PRRA application or a pre-removal study (PRS) rejected or withdrawn.

  3. Individuals who have been found to be inadmissible on grounds of security, violating human or international rights, serious criminality, or organized criminality.

  4. Individuals who have been issued a deportation order because they have failed to comply with a removal order.

  5. Individuals who have been issued a deportation order because they have been convicted of an offense for which a maximum penalty of ten years imprisonment or more.

  6. Individuals who are subject to a certificate issued under section 77 of the IRPA (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act)

  7. Individuals who have been barred from making a claim for refugee protection or applying for a PRRA by a Ministerial Instruction.

It's important to note that there may be some exceptions to these eligibility rules, such as if there has been a significant change in the individual's circumstances since their previous PRRA or PRS application, or if there are exceptional humanitarian and compassionate considerations.

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